Tuesday, 5 July 2016

Brazil's microcephaly and CNS disorder (M&CD) monitoring: Report No. 32, 2016-Week No. 25...

These graphs are made by me using data obtained from epidemiological week (EW) number 25's Brazil Ministry of Health microcephaly and foetal and infant microcephaly and central nervous system (CNS) disorders (M&CD) report.[1]

Brazil last reported a total of 120,161 suspected Zika virus detections some weeks back. Around one thousand of these have been confirmed.[2,3]

Suspected M&CD cases...

The total number of suspected M&CD cases increased by 126 to 8,165 this EW (compared to last).



The graph above shows the number of suspected M&CD diagnoses in Brazil up to 25-June-2016. The cumulative curve (yellow dots; left hand axis) is growing, but slowly. 

This was another weekly rise (orange bars; right-hand axis). These bars are based on the difference in total suspected cases reported this EW compared to that reported in the last EW. This method may not reflect the diagnoses that occurred during the past EW (some may have come from days or weeks earlier), but that level of detail is not available in the MOH report.

Confirmed and discarded M&CD diagnoses...

M&CD cases under investigation increased by 54 to 3,061 this week.


In the graph above, we can see that 50 (blue bars; right hand axis) suspected M&CD diagnoses were discarded upon closer investigation with a current total of 3,466 removed.

The rate of these resolved diagnoses (line with blue dots, left-hand axis) seems similar to the rate of the smaller overall number of confirmed M&CD diagnoses (red dots, left-hand axis).

As of this EW, 20% of suspected M&CD diagnoses have been confirmed while 42% of suspected diagnoses have been discarded-a percentage that has been steady for 4 EWs.

The cumulative number of confirmed M&CD diagnoses does continue its climb this EW, growing by 22 new diagnoses (red bars; right-hand axis) to total 1,638.


The number of these M&CD diagnoses to be confirmed with a Zika virus infection also grows (green dots; left-hand axis) by 37 new detection (green bars; right-hand axis) to 270 this EW after rising by 7 the preceding EW.

Those confirmed Zika virus infections represent 16% (an increase for the first time about 11 weeks) of all confirmed M&CD diagnoses and 3% of all suspect diagnoses.

References...

  1. http://portalsaude.saude.gov.br/images/pdf/2016/junho/30/Informe-Epidemiol--gico-n---32--SE-25-2016--27jun2016-16h18.pdf
  2. http://combateaedes.saude.gov.br/images/sala-de-situacao/informe_microcefalia_epidemiologico26.pdf
  3. http://combateaedes.saude.gov.br/images/boletins-epidemiologicos/2016-013-Dengue-SE16.pdf